Anti-Bias Education (ABE). We use a definition of anti-bias education that draws heavily from the work of Louise Derman-Sparks and Julie Olsen Edwards in their book Anti-Bias Education for Young Children and Ourselves. In that book, they write that “anti-bias work provides teachers a way to examine and transform their understanding of children’s lives and also do self-reflective work to more deeply understand their own lives.” And there are four overarching goals that frame this work:
Goal 1: Each child will demonstrate self-awareness, confidence, family pride, and positive social identities.
Goal 2: Each child will express comfort and joy with human diversity; accurate language for human differences; and deep, caring human connections.
Goal 3: Each child will increasingly recognize unfairness, have language to describe unfairness, and understand that unfairness hurts.
Goal 4: Each child will demonstrate empowerment and the skills to act, with others or alone, against prejudice and/or discriminatory actions.
Diversity and Equity Education. We use this as an umbrella term for many types of educational approaches that value human differences and attend to issues of inequity, power, and injustice. It includes anti-bias education, critical multicultural education, culturally relevant care and education, and many more.
Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE). We prefer this term over the more standard, early childhood education (or ECE), as it includes child care and caregiving as integral to the work of educating young children.
Race. We reject biologically or culturally essentialist definitions of race in favor of an understanding that race is a socio-political construct.
Racism. We utilize a definition of racism as a pervasive system of power–with multiple and interdependent levels (internalized, interpersonal, institutional, and ideological)–that operates in favor of the dominant racial group and at the expense of all others.